Laboratoires Vichy Canada, Cosmetics, beauty products, face and body care

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Anti-aging
Advice

Under the supervision of Sarah GORA,
PhD, Medical and Scientific Relations Leader, Vichy Canada

Anti-aging
Diagnosis

Find the most appropriate and efficient anti-aging skincare for your skin

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Dermatologist

How to prevent the appearance of age spots that darken with time?
Did you know?      

“Age spots” also called “lentigo” are brown formations without any texture that appear on the surface of the skin. 
Each lentigo is caused by a dysfunction of the melanocytes, those cells responsible for the production of a brown pigment called melanin. These cells protect the skin from damaging UV rays by producing and distributing melanin that “colors” the skin. This normally progressive process produces a tan. However, when the process is sudden or repeated, pigment spots appear. 
Lentigo is a consequence of aging, of repeated sun exposure and UV aggressions, in particular UVA rays. These UV rays penetrate the skin deeply and they are present all year long, whether the weather is hot or not.
The age spots appear mostly on the areas most exposed such as the hands, the face and the décolleté. 
The best way to fight these spots is to prevent them from forming by protecting your skin daily from UV rays and especially when you’re exposed to sunlight. 
Your dermatologist can also minimize the spots that are already there with procedures such as the laser or a peeling.

What to do: 

The best way to fight these spots is to prevent them from forming. Limit lengthy sun exposure and choose a daily skin care product that contains a protective sunscreen against UVA and UVB rays, in a texture that is adapted to your skin type.  
To minimize the age spots that are already there, you can exfoliate the skin regularly in order to stimulate cellular renewal in the epidermis and eliminate the excess melanin in the skin. Certain skin care products are also specifically designed to minimize age spots. Ask your pharmacist for advice.
Which type of skin wrinkles more quickly, oily or dry?
Did you know?       

Wrinkles are the external signs of the changes that are happening at every level of the skin, from the surface (epidermis) to the deeper layers (dermis).
The repeated contractions of the facial muscles will eventually cause wrinkles, especially on the forehead, in the nasolabial folds, around the eyes…
Moreover, the slower cellular renewal process, the degradation of the supporting fibers in the dermis (elastin and collagen), and the “lethargy” of the fibroblasts – the cells that produce these fibers – are responsible for the loss of density and elasticity that ultimately produces wrinkles.

Skin dehydration is one of the most important factors involved in the formation of wrinkles. In fact, the hydrolipidic barrier (combination of water and lipids whose role is to protect the skin’s surface) of dry skin is of a lesser quality. 
Therefore, it is more fragile and vulnerable to external aggressions. 
Also, when it severely lacks water and lipids, dry skin loses its density more rapidly, as if it were “depulping”. 

To do on a daily basis: 

Wrinkles will appear sooner on dry skin than on oily skin.
How to benefit from the sun without “burning your youth”?
Did you know?

The sun’s rays constitute a permanent aggression for your skin.  Today, we know that UV rays are dangerous for all skin types: UVB rays are responsible for tanning, but they also cause sunburns. UVA rays, that penetrate the deeper layers, cause premature aging of the skin. The sun’s rays are also responsible for the oxidation of the components that keep the skin looking young: the elastin and collagen fibers of the dermis. Studies have shown that the skin of women who regularly protect their skin from UV rays appears on average 4 years younger that other women’s skin (Source Ipsos Centres Santé de la peau Vichy).  UVB and UVA rays can also cause allergies, pigmentary disorders, and can even increase the risks of skin cancer on a long-term basis.

What to do:

Daily: choose a daytime moisturizer that contains a protective sunscreen against UVA and UVB rays in a texture that is adequate for your skin type. During sun exposure: protect yourself by regularly applying a sunscreen lotion with an SPF of at least 30 (and higher ideally). To better protect the fragile areas of the face and décolleté, wear a T-shirt, a hat and sunglasses. Avoid the sun during the hottest hours of the day, between noon and 4:00 pm.
Can my skin get used to my cream, and should I change creams regularly to make sure I get the best results?
Did you know?      

You don’t have to constantly change your skin care cream to get the best results. Your skin will need nutrients (vitamins, minerals, etc.) throughout its entire life cycle. It’s best not to disturb it and provide what is needed in a continuous way.
Your skin cannot get used to your cream. However, since your skin is a living organ, its needs can change with time. Your cream must be able to relieve a deficiency or reinforce the intake of nutrients so that hydration, cellular renewal and protection remain optimal. Cosmetic ingredients are absorbed by the skin that uses them, assimilates them and eliminates them. So there is no risk that your skin could become addicted to your skin care product!.
Product compliance is the most efficient method. Constantly changing your skin care product doesn’t improve your skin. On the contrary, tests have shown that compliance (the repeated use of a product) provides the best results. A skin care cream must be applied daily for several months before you can see real efficiency on the skin’s surface. You can therefore use the anti-aging product that is best adapted to your skin for as long as you wish.
Can lifestyle habits help me to have beautiful skin?
Did you know?    

Your diet and your entire life hygiene play a role in how beautiful you look.
As you know, practicing a sport is beneficial for the body, and it is as well for your skin. Physical 

To do on a daily basis: 

In addition to a regular sport, good life hygiene will ensure that your skin remains in top shape. Make sure your diet is varied and well balanced, and eat lots of fruits and vegetables for their vitamins, their fibers and their anti-oxidants. Limit the consumption of alcohol, coffee and tobacco. Sleep sufficiently to ensure your skin has the opportunity to recuperate fully at night.
Planes, air conditioning – what are the dangers of temperature changes for the skin?
Did you know?       

If you have to fly regularly, you may have noticed that the moisture level inside the plane’s cabin is often too low – it is usually less than 20% when ideally it should be between 40 and 65%. The same goes for highly air-conditioned rooms. Dry air can dehydrate the skin and cause small wrinkles to appear, especially around the eyes.

What to do: 

Protect your skin from sudden temperature changes. Avoid rooms where the air conditioning is too strong. When flying, remember to drink water regularly and protect your skin with an appropriate hydrating cream.
Tobacco accelerates skin aging: what can I do to remedy this situation?
Did you know?               

Smoking does cause premature aging of the skin: tobacco dulls the complexion and accelerates the emergence of wrinkles.
Just sucking on a cigarette causes very specific wrinkles in smokers, namely on the upper lip (smoker’s wrinkles). However, this is not the only impact smoking has on your skin. Just like sunlight, tobacco increases the proliferation of free radicals. These particles oxidize and attack the cells and tissues in the skin. 
Moreover, tobacco has a vasoconstrictor effect (reduces the diameter of blood vessels). The blood flow slows down and oxygenation of the skin cells is altered – they sort of become asphyxiated. The complexion becomes yellow and dull.
Studies have shown that tobacco is responsible for the increased production of an enzyme (MMP-1) that leads to collagen degradation. The skin loses its elasticity and flexibility, which in turn causes wrinkles to appear. 

To do on a daily basis: 

To compensate for the consequences of smoking: choose a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables to supply vitamins to your skin and help it fight the impact of free radicals. Hydrate your skin daily and don’t forget to exfoliate it regularly to give your complexion a radiant look. Choose anti-aging products that are enriched with anti-oxidants and that have a texture that is appropriate for your skin type. 

Stop smoking: naturally, this is the most efficient solution, but the hardest one to achieve. Stopping cold turkey is not the only method available, you can also stop progressively. Substitution treatments are available to help you, such as nicotine patches, gum and lozenges. Ask your doctor for advice.

Gynecologist

During menopause, skin aging accelerates. How can I preserve my skin’s beauty?
Did you know?      

Hormones have an impact on the skin’s stability. During menopause, hormonal changes accelerate skin aging. When a woman enters menopause, hormonal production slows down and estrogen levels decrease, which can considerably modify the skin’s balance. The surface contains less lipids, becomes dry and less flexible. The cellular renewal process in the deeper layers slows down – the epidermis becomes thinner. In the dermis, the supporting fibers start relaxing and the skin loses its density. The contour of the face is not as defined, the neck relaxes and the cheeks don’t stand out as much.

To do on a daily basis: 

Il est donc important de choisir un soin adapté à cette période de votre vie et apporter à votre peau les éléments nutritifs dont elle a besoin. Dans le même temps, conservez une alimentation équilibrée, variée et de bonne qualité biologique en privilégiant les fruits, les légumes et les protéines végétales qui apporteront à l’organisme les substances dont il a besoin.
Et ne pas oublier : évitez l’exposition solaire excessive et la cigarette !

Nutritionist

As I get older, should I follow a particular diet to ensure I have beautiful skin?
Did you know?         

The skin is the body’s largest organ, and like all organs, it is nourished through the blood by the nutrients that come from our diet. 
Skin that lacks vital elements cannot be beautiful and radiant. Throughout life, the skin needs vital elements such as essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, flavonoïds and polyphenols.

To do on a daily basis: 

Since diet is a major factor to ensure the beauty of the skin, make sure your diet is varied and well balanced by favoring vegetables, fruits and vegetable proteins that will give the body the nourishment it needs.
Choose foods that are rich in calcium to compensate for the drop in estrogen levels, the hormone that helped the bones absorb the calcium they need.
Enfin, pratiquez une activité physique régulière, pour conserver une silhouette harmonieuse. Quelques minutes de sport chaque jour suffisent pour garder l'équilibre entre muscles et tissus adipeux.

Psychologist

Can caring for your skin boost your self-esteem?
Did you know?          

Caring for your skin allows you to take care of your body and introduces you to the notions of pleasure and well-being. The skin expresses and communicates your inner feelings, it influences the way others see you, but first and foremost, it influences the perception you have of yourself.
Cosmetic products are privileged mediators in this uncommon relationship. They touch a person at the deepest level and are part of life’s essential functions. Caring for your skin means taking care of yourself. The time you take to care for your skin doesn’t only contribute to the harmony between your body and your mind, it also promotes the respect you have for yourself and others. You can see yourself in the way other people look at you, and this influences your quality of life.

A study done by Laboratoires Vichy with more than 800 women around the world has demonstrated that caring for your skin improves self-esteem. All the women used the same anti-aging product. After using it for one month, they noticed an improvement in their quality of life. Women became aware of various positive results:
socially/ relationships with others (ex.: impact of the skin on femininity, attractiveness…); impact on self-esteem (ex.: acceptance of one’s face and body shape, satisfaction with their skin, pleasure touching their skin…). 

To do on a daily basis: 

In addition to applying your favorite skin care product, here are a few ideas to help preserve your self-esteem, as it is important to your well-being. Take time to take care of yourself. Practice a gentle sport to maintain your body and develop a sense of ownership. Go out regularly with friends. And take on projects that you are passionate about.